文章摘要
石福强.结构式农艺治疗对慢性精神分裂症患者阴性症状及生存质量的影响[J].实用中西医结合临床,2020,20(14):
结构式农艺治疗对慢性精神分裂症患者阴性症状及生存质量的影响
Effect of structural agronomic therapy on negative symptoms and quality of life in patients with chronic schizophrenia
投稿时间:2020-07-15  修订日期:2020-09-09
DOI:
中文关键词: 农艺治疗  精神分裂症  阴性症状  生存质量
英文关键词: agricultural treatment  schizophrenia  negative symptoms  quality of life
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
石福强 中山市第三人民医院 g8g142@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的:本研究探讨一套标准化量化的结构式农艺治疗方案对慢性精神分裂症患者阴性症状及生存质量的影响。方法:研究纳入60例住院慢性康复期精神分裂症患者,经简单随机后,分为研究组和对照组,对照组予治疗方案维持治疗;研究组在此基础上,联合结构式农艺治疗,总研究时长为3个月;分别在入组时和3个月末,采用大体评定量表(GAS)、阴性症状量表(SANA)、和世界卫生组织生存质量测定量表简表(WHOQOL-BREF)、社会功能评定量表(SSPI)进行效果评价,并对患者的治疗满意度加以了解。结果:在基线水平一致的情况下,研究组治疗后GAS及WHOQOL-BREF得分均显著高于治疗前,而SANA得分则显著低于治疗前,前后对比统计学差异明显(P<0.05);两组治疗后的GAS、WHOQOL-BREF、SANA得分均存在统计学差异(P<0.05);治疗前两组的SSPI评分无明显差异性(P>0.05);治疗研究组患者的SSPI评分明显提高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);研究组患者的治疗满意度要高于对照组,差异明显,存在统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:结构式农艺治疗可以有效地改善慢性精神分裂症患者的阴性症状,提高患者的生存质量,最终促使精神分裂症患者整体状态的全面改善。
英文摘要:
      Objective: To explore the influence of a set of standardized and quantitative structural agronomic treatment on the negative symptoms and quality of life of patients with chronic schizophrenia. Methods: 60 inpatients with schizophrenia in chronic rehabilitation period were randomly divided into study group and control group. The control group was given maintenance treatment of treatment plan. On this basis, the study group was combined with structural agronomy treatment, and the total study duration was 3 months. At the time of enrollment and the end of 3 months, the general assessment scale (gas), negative symptom scale (SANA) were used. And who quality of life measurement scale (WHOQOL-BREF) and social function assessment scale (SSPI) were used to evaluate the effect, and to understand the patients" treatment satisfaction. Results: under the same baseline level, the scores of gas and WHOQOL-BREF in the study group after treatment were significantly higher than those before treatment, while the scores of SANA were significantly lower than those before treatment, with significant difference between before and after treatment (P < 0.05); the scores of gas, WHOQOL-BREF and SANA in the two groups after treatment were statistically different (P < 0.05); the scores of SSPI in the two groups before treatment were not significantly different (P > 0.05). )The SSPI score of the patients in the study group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P < 0.05). Conclusion: structural agronomic therapy can effectively improve the negative symptoms of chronic schizophrenia, improve the quality of life of patients, and ultimately promote the overall improvement of the overall state of schizophrenia.
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